Information Update 資訊更新

個人獨立資助 (PIP)

概覽
年齡介乎16至64歲之間患有長期病患人士或殘疾人士無論是否在職均可申請並獲得每星期£22.65到£145.35之間的個人獨立資助。

申請資格
申請人必須介乎16歲至64歲之間,並有以下的健康狀況或殘疾狀況:
– 日常生活困難或走動困難(或兩者)不少於3個月
– 預計這些困難將持續不少於9個月(除非申請人被疹斷身患絕症並只剩下少於6個月壽命)
須於過去3年中有不少於2年時間居住在英格蘭、 蘇格蘭或威爾士,並且在申請時在上述其中一個國家居住。
若申請人居於國外,須乎合以下條件:
– 居住在另一個歐盟或歐元區的國家或瑞士 (只能獲得日常生活困難部分的資助)
– 武裝部隊的成員或家庭成員

條件
個人獨立資助由2部分組成,申請人將由一名健康專家評估以確定資助級別。 而當局會定期評估資助級別,以確保申請人獲得適當的支援。資助金額將取決於申請人的身體健康狀況對日常生活影響有多嚴重。

(一)日常生活困難
申請人如在下列日常生活項目中一半以上時間需要協助,或可獲得日常生活困難部分的資助:
準備或進食
洗滌、洗澡和使用廁所
穿衣和脫衣服
閱讀和溝通
管理自己的藥物或治療
做出關於金錢上的決定
與其他人互動

(二)行動困難
若申請人需要協助外出或走動,他/她或可獲得行動困難部分的資助。

你將會得到甚麼資助?
個人獨立資助通常每4星期支付一次。 無論申請人是否在職都可獲得此項免稅的資助。

(一) 日常生活困難
資助為每星期£57.30或£85.60。

(二) 行動困難
資助為每星期£22.65或£59.75。

(三) 絕症
若申請人預計壽命少於6個月,申請人將獲得更高的日常生活困難部分的資助。 至於行動困難部分的資助將取決於申請人的實際需要。

其他福利
申請人或其照顧者或合資格獲得其他財務資助,例如照料者津貼、住屋或交通費用的協助。
如果申請人是在職人士並獲得個人獨立資助,他/她同時亦可獲得薪俸稅中殘疾方面的免稅優惠(每年高達£3,090,如果申請人屬殘疾嚴重,則高達£4,420)。

申請人須致電勞工及福利局提出新申請。如需協助,可與本中心聯詻

Personal Independence Payment

Overview
You may be able to get help with some of the extra costs caused by long term ill-health or disability. You can get PIP whether you’re working or not. If you’re aged 16 to 64 you could get between £22.65 and £145.35 a week by claiming PIP.

Eligibility
Applicant must be aged 16 to 64 and have a health condition or disability where you:
– Have had difficulties with daily living or getting around (or both) for 3 months
– Expect these difficulties to continue for at least 9 months (unless you’re terminally ill with less than 6 months to live)
Applicant has lived in England, Scotland or Wales for at least 2 of the last 3 years, and be in one of these countries when you apply.
Living abroad
– Live in another EU or EEA country or Switzerland – only get help from daily living needs
– Are a member or family member of the Armed Forces

Condition
PIP is made up of 2 parts. You’ll be assessed by a health professional to work out the level of help you can get. Your rate will be regularly reviewed to make sure you’re getting the right support.
Whether you get one or both of these and how much you’ll get depends on how severely your condition affects you.

(1) Daily living difficulties
You may get the daily living part of PIP if you need help more than half of the time with things like:
preparing or eating food
washing, bathing and using the toilet
dressing and undressing
reading and communicating
managing your medicines or treatments
making decisions about money
engaging with other people

(2) Mobility difficulties
You may get the mobility part of PIP if you need help going out or moving around.

What you’ll get
Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is usually paid every 4 weeks. It’s tax free and you can get it whether you’re in or out of work.

Daily living part
The weekly rate for the daily living part of PIP is either £57.30 or £85.60.
Mobility part
The weekly rate for the mobility part of PIP is either £22.65 or £59.75.

Terminal illness
You’ll get the higher daily living part if you’re not expected to live more than 6 months. The rate of the mobility part depends on your needs.

Other help
You or your carer might also qualify for other financial help, for example Carer’s Allowance, or help with housing or transport costs.
If you get PIP and you work, you might also be able to get the disability element of Working Tax Credit (up to £3,090 a year, or up to £4,420 if your disability is severe).

You will be required to call the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to make a new claim and our centre will be able to offer assistance on this matter.


稅務津貼續期

英國稅務局會在四月至六月間寄出於已申請且正領取稅務津貼者有關續期之文件。若你正在領取稅務津貼(就業稅務津貼或兒童稅務津貼或兩者皆有),你必須最遲於 2014 年 7月 31 日前,填妥及寄回其續期表格或回答稅務局提出的問題或/及需填寫其所要求的其他有關的表格。若在 7 月中還沒有收到此文件,請打稅務津貼熱線電話:0845 300 3900。
若需要諮詢有關此稅務津貼續期,敬請與中心聯絡。

Tax Credits Renewals

H M Revenue & Custom will have sent out packs of Annual Review of Tax Credits between April and June to those persons who have applied and are receiving Tax Credits. If you are receiving Tax Credits (either Working Tax Credit or Child Tax Credit or both), you must complete and return such Annual
Review Form or answers to those enquiries made by HM Revenue & Custom and/or other relevant forms all relating to this Annual Review latest by 31 July 2014. If you have not received this pack by mid of July 2014, please contact Tax Credit Helpline at 0845 300 3900. For further information about this Tax Credit Renewals, please contact the Centre.


60歲或以上人乘車証

凡是住在倫敦﹑60歲或以上但不夠資格使用長者免費乘車証之人士,從2012年11月1日起,可以在任何時間免費使用倫敦運輸局的公共交通工具及某些地區性的火車服務。欲申請領取此乘車証,你必需上網填寫一份申請表格,(網址:www.tfl.gov.uk/tickets),或致電倫敦運輸局之客户服務部 (電話:0343 222 1234) ,要求協助辦理“60歲或以上人仕倫敦乘車証”。

在申請時,你必須遞交一張彩色數碼照片、提供電郵地址、駕駛執照或有效英國護照及有效的銀行卡/信用卡,以作支付不能退還的十英鎊手續費﹔及確認你的地址。

本中心樂意協助合資格申請此乘車証的會員辦理申請手續及提供諮詢服務,請致電預約本中心的諮詢員,電話020 7439 3822。

60+ London Oyster Photo Card

From 1 November 2012, Londoners who are aged 60 or over and are not eligible to receive a Freedom Pass, will be able to apply for a 60+ London Oyster Photo card. The card allows you to travel for free on all TFL services and some national rail services at any time of the day. To apply, you have to fill in an application form online (www.tfl.gov.uk/tickets) or contact TFL Customer Contact Centre (Tel: 0343 222 1234) for assistance.

For this application, you need to submit a colour digital photo, an email address, a driving licence or a valid UK Passport; a valid debit/credit card to pay the non-refundable £10 fee and confirm your address.

We are happy to provide advice and assistance for your application. For further information about the 60+ London Oyster Photo Card, please contact us to make an appointment.


P45, P46與P60

若你是在職員工,你的僱主必須遞交以下文件 – P45及P60 – 皆與你的薪金而需繳付之稅款有關。

1)       P45:當你停工時,你會收到由你的僱主發出的P45。此P45為一式四份;即第1部份、第1A部份、第2部份與第3部份。你的僱主會遞交第1部份予英國稅務局,而其他三部份予你。當你開始新工時或申領失業救濟金,你需遞交第2部份與第3部份予新僱主或求職中心,而保留第1A部份。若你丟失了P45,你將不能領取複印本。

2)       P46:若你開始第一份工,或同時做另一份工而無放棄先前之工作,或你丟失了P45,新僱主會給予你P46填寫,或要求你提供有關的信息,以便分派適當的稅務代碼來算出你在第一發薪日應扣取的稅款。英國稅務局也會從你的新雇主獲得有關的信息處理P46。

3)       P60:你的P60為一份在稅務年度內有關你的薪俸與扣除的稅款。你的僱主應在每一稅務年度 (四月六日至次年四月五日為一稅務年度)後遞交一份P60予你。你可能需要此P60填寫自己評估報稅單(若有此需要),或需要求退稅,或申請稅務津貼。若你丟失了P60,你可以要求你的僱主提供一份複印本。

 

P45, P46 and P60

If you are an employee, your employer must give you certain documents – Forms P45 and P60 – about the tax you pay on your wages.

1)       P45: You get a P45 from your employer when you stop working for them. A P45 has four parts – Part 1, Part 1A, Part 2 and Part 3. Your employer should send Part 1 to HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) and give you the other three. When you start a new job or claim a Jobseeker’s Allowance, you give Part 2 and Part 3 to your new employer or to Jobcentre Plus and Part 1A for your own records. If you have lost P45 you will not be able to get a replacement.

2)       P46: If you start your first job or taking on a second job without giving up your other one, your new employer may give you a Form P46 to complete or will ask you for the relevant information to allocate a tax code and work out the tax due on your first pay day. HMRC will process the P46 or the relevant information passed on from your new employer.

P60: Your P60 is the summary of your pay and the tax that has been deducted from your pay in the tax year. Your employer should provide you with a P60 to keep as a record at the end of every tax year which runs from 6 April to 5 April the next year. You might need this P60 to complete a Self Assessment Tax Return if this applies to you, to claim back any tax you have overpaid or to apply for tax credits. If you have lost it you can ask your employer for a duplicate copy.

若需要諮詢有關此些P45, P46P60,敬請與倫敦華人社區中心聯絡。

For further information about these P45, P46 and P60, please contact the Chinese Community Centre.


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